How much does Federal Title I Funding Affect Fairness in State School Finance Systems?

About this much!

These funding profiles are based on the methodology used in our reports on school funding fairness. The reports can be found here: and the technical appendix can be found here:

This graph is based on an updated model which includes data from 2007-08, 2008-09 and 2009-10 (these are linear projections of otherwise messy distributions… hence the fact that some of the lines cross at/around 0% poverty).

The bottom line is that while Federal Title I programs certainly provide much needed funds to many high poverty districts, in the big picture, they are a drop in the bucket. They are now, and have been for some time.

The states in this figure are among the least equitable in the nation. And Title I aid simply isn’t sufficient to fix that. Equitable and adequate financing of local public school districts remains the responsibility of the states, and these states have some work to do!